Moldova and has a rich and turbulent history due to its strategic location on a route between Asia and Europe. Moldova was repeatedly invaded by the Romans,Goths, Huns, Avars, Magyars, Kievan Rus’, and the Mongols.
The modern history of Moldova began in 1812 as a result of the Russian-Turkish Peace Treaty. The eastern part of Moldova was annexed to the Russian Empire, thus being a Russian province until 1918 until they decided to unite with Romania. This unity lasted till 1940, when the country was annexed by the Soviet Union as a consequence of the Ribbentrop-Molotov Pact of 1939.
Moldova functioned as a territory within the USSR until Mikhail Gorbachev’s Perestroika and Glasnost. In 1989, the Popular Front of Moldova was formed as an association of independent cultural and political groups and gained official recognition. It organized a number of demonstrations that led to the designation of Moldovan as the official language on August 31, 1989 and returned to the Latin alphabet. This was a major step away from Russia toward Europe.
“Moldova declared itself an independent state with the same boundaries as the Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic in 1991 as part of the dissolution of the Soviet Union. A new constitution was adopted on July 29, 1994. A strip of Moldova’s internationally recognized territory on the east bank of the river Dniester has been under the de facto control of the breakaway government of Transnistria since 1990.
As a result of a decrease in industrial and agricultural output since the dissolution of the Soviet Union, the relative size of the service sector in Moldova’s economy has grown to dominate its GDP and currently stands at over 60%. Moldova remains, however, the poorest country in Europe.”
Read more: Moldova in Wikipedia
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