By Browers Gerber Hickman
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Extra info for Actuarial Mathematic, Second Edition
The liability policy premium is based on the folIowing factors: Territory Limits of liability Age, sex, and marital status of the operators NORTH AMERICA 45 Use classification of the automobile Eligibility for rating under the driver training and good student rules Driving records of operators of the owned automobile Years of the operators' driving experience Eligibility for rating under the multi-car rule The frrst two items are reflected in the base premiums. Items three through five are the primary classification factors and items six through eight are the secondary classification factors.
The premiums in the highest-rated districts may be typically about 50% higher than those in the lowest-rated districts. The No-Claim Diseount (NCD). The diversity found in the rating structures used by the various insurers in the UK extends to the NCD systems. The scales vary with regard to the number of steps (typically sÎx or seven), the rates of discount, and the rules for moving up and down the scale. New policyholders often start at an introductory level of discount, and the scale 25 EUROPE is usually a bonus-malus scale with provision for the payment of premiums higher than the starting level.
The purposes ofthese laws were to (1) raise revenue through taxes, (2) protect domestic insurers against competition from foreign and alien insurers, and (3) protect the public against insolvency and inequitable treatment by insurers. This early regulation was almost exclusively at the state level. The growth of the insurance business paralleled the growth of other industries during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Due to a combination of greed, poor business judgment, and dishonesty, many insurance companies failed.
Actuarial Mathematic, Second Edition by Browers Gerber Hickman